Built by King Kashyapa of Sri Lanka between the years 473 and 495, the imposing 660-foot-tall rock castle and palace of Sigiriya in Sri Lanka dominate the landscape. It lies in the central region of Sri Lanka, in the northern Matale district, close to the city of Dambulla. There are 1,200 stairs leading up to the Lion Rock Fortress atop Sigiriya, also known as Sinhagiri. Both names indicate “the Lion’s Rock.”
There are many resting places along the way to give you a breather if you need one. The ancient city of Sigiriya in Sri Lanka, now known as Sigiriya Rock Fortress, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.
Evidence from archaeological digs at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka suggests the city has been there since prehistoric times. A monadnock known as Aligala may be seen near Sigiriya Rock’s eastern foot (Elephant Rock). A cave below it has been excavated, and its contents have revealed the remnants of a prehistoric human village from approximately 5,500 B.P. As far back as the ninth and tenth centuries B.C., there is also evidence that people lived in this region.